Goerlitz, Sonnenorgel

Sonnenorgel - Görlitz, Casparini 1703, Mathis 1997-2006

The church of St. Peter and Paul in Görlitz was founded in the 13th century and it attained its present shape in 1497. The central nave is flanked by four aisles, forming a huge and highly reverberant space. In 1691 it was reconstructed after a fire, and consequently it was given a new organ, finished in 1703 by Eugenio Casparini (1623-1706) and his son.

The organ had 57 stops on 3 manuals and it was among the largest instruments in Silesia. The organ case was designed by the architect Johann Conrad Büchau. The special feature of this facade is the implementation of 17 golden suns, which also sounded as a pedal cornet-mixtur of 12 ranks. These suns have given name to the instrument: Sun-organ = Sonnenorgel. The pedal mixture "Sonnenmixtur" had also a trumpet rank included. These reed pipes were spread all over the case held in the hands of the angels!

Although the organ was very famous, Johann Sebastian Bach complained about the tough tracker touch. When playing it, he said that this organ required a the strength of a horse to press the keys.

Besides the organ case, only the Cypress-wood pipes of Onda maris have survived from the Casparini organ until the present. In 1894, the company Schlag and Sons rebuilt the instrument. Later in 1928, the company Sauer installed an electo-pneumatic organ into the historical case. The Sauer organ had 89 stops on 4 manuals and pedal.

The interior of the church was restored between 1980-1992 and there were plans to build a new organ into the historical case. The specification of the new instrument could not follow Casparini´s organ (since none of his instruments exists unaltered). Furthermore, the Sauer organ was not suitable for restoration, being only partially preserved after World War II. The expert committee decided to build an instrument inspired by the Casparini´s baroque concept, but enlarged by a swell manual allowing to also perform later organ music. The work was entrusted to the Swiss company Mathis Orgelbau.

In 1997, the first part of the instrument was inaugurated: the 3 manuals (HW, OW, BW), and the pedal. The construction of the swell division was postponed, and was completed in 2006. The clever voicing of the instrument and its large, rich specification makes the organ universally suitable for almost every kind of organ music. The organ has 87 speaking stops, the usual couplers, a number of playing aids and toy stops.

One additional special feature of the instrument must be mentioned: its toy stops. The instrument has five highly entertaining stops: Kuckuck, Tamburo, Vogel-gesang, Cymbelstern and Nachtigall. Oh, this last one is particularly amusing.

We agreed with the government of the Görlitz church, that after making the digital snapshot of the instrument, there should still be something unique and special left that the visitor should hear only and exclusively when visiting the church personally. For this reason, the Sonnenmixtur - the top-most specialty of this instrument - remains silent in the Hauptwerk virtual model.

Special thanks to Mr. Reinhard Seeliger, the organist of the Sonnenorgel, for his exceptional kindness and tireless support during our recording sessions.

Stop list

1. Hauptwerk C–a3
Principal 16′
Gross-Octava 8′
Viol di Gamba 8′
Hohl-Flöt 8′
Rohr-Flöt 8′
Fiffaro 8′
Rohr-Fl.-Quint    6′
Octava 4′
Spitz-Flöt 4′
Salicet 4′
Quinta 3′
Super-Octava 2′
Mixtur IV 2′
Cymbel III 11/3′   
Cornet V  
Bombart 16′
Trompet 8′
Clarin 4′
2. Oberwerk C–a3
Quintadena 16′
Principal 8′
Grob-Gedackt 8′
Quintadena 8′
Onda Maris 8′
Octava 4′
Rohr-Flöt 4′
Zynk II 22/3′  
Sedecima 2′
Glöcklein-Thon 2′
Vigesima nona 11/2
Scharff-Cymbel III    1′
Cornetti III  
Trompet 8′
Krumb-Horn 8′
Schalmey 4′
Tremulant
3. Schwellwerk C–a3
Bordun 16′
Viola pomposa 16′
Diapason 8′
Doppel-Flöt 8′
Bordun 8′
Salicional 8′
Gamba 8′
Vox coelestis 8′
Principal 4′
Travers-Flöt 4′
Viola d’amore 4′
Spitz-Flöt 3′
Schweitzer-Pfeiff 2′
Violine 2′
Piccolo 1′
Mixtur V 2′
Harmonia aeth. III    22/3′  
Bombarde 16′
Trompette harm. 8′
Hautbois 8′
Clarinette 8′
Voix humaine 8′
Clairon 4′
Tremulant
4. Brustwerk C–a3
Gedackt 8′
Praestant 4′
Ged. Fleut doux 4′
Nassat 3′
Octava 2′
Gemss-Horn 2′
Quint-Nassat 11/2
Tertia 11/2′ 
Super-Sedecima   1′
Scharff-Mixtur III  11/3′  
Hobois 8′
Tremulant
Pedal C–f1 [-g1 extended]
Groβ Principal-Bass     32′
Principal-Bass 16′
Contra-Bass 16′
Sub-Bass 16′
Groβ-Quinten-Bass 12′
Octav-Bass 8′
Gemss-Horn-Bass 8′
Jubal-Flöt 8′
Super-Octav-Bass 4′
Jubal-Flöt 4′
Bauer-Flöt 2′
Mixtur VI 22/3
Contra-Posaunen 32′
Posaunen 16′
Fagotti 16′
Trompeten-Bass 8′
Tromba 8′
Clarinen-Bass 4′
Vox Angelica 2′

Couplers:

  • Normal: II/I, III/I, IV/I, IV/II, IV/III, III/II, I-P, II-P, III-P, IV-P.
  • Superoct.: III/P 4
  • Suboct.: III/I 16′, III/III 16

Toy stops: Cymbelstern, Tamburo, Nachtigall, Vogel-Gesang, Kuckuck

Sonnenmixtur (12 rank pedal Cornet-Mixtur with a Trumpet rank) - not modelled in Hauptwerk, this special stop is reserved exclusively for the visitors of the real instrument.

Accessories: Tutti, Crescendo, Crescendo ab, Zungen ab

Editions

The sample set is sold in several editions: free, small, medium and full. The editions differ in the number of speaking ranks (pipes). See the comparison chart. All the editions require Hauptwerk software, version 4.2.1 or above! Please update your Hauptwerk installation, if necessary, prior to the installation of the sample set.

Encryption

The medium and the full editions are encrypted. The free and the small editions are not encrypted.

Keyboards, pedalboard

The original compass of the keyboards is 58 keys. The original compass of the pedal division is 30 sounding tones (extended in Hauptwerk to 32 keys).

Tremulants

Many ranks were recorded with and without tremulants for the most convincing tremulant behavior. However, loading tremmed ranks consumes large amount of RAM. It is possible to select to use the artificial tremulant instead to save RAM.

Requirements - Full variant

RAM consumption: 6-channel surround, default loading options, memory compression on.

• 16-bit:  40 GB

• 20-bit:  77 GB

• 24-bit:  85 GB

RAM consumption: 6-channel surround, the front-direct ranks loaded with truncated releases (simulated dry, long decay 250ms). The front-diffuse and the rear ranks loaded with normal full releases. This is the recommended option for computers with 64 GB of RAM or less.

• 16-bit:   33 GB

• 20-bit:   57 GB (recommended)

RAM consumption: 2-channel wet, the front-diffuse samples loaded, all other ranks disabled.

• 16-bit: 13.1 GB

• 20-bit: 23.5 GB

Screen resolution 1280x1024 px or more.

Polyphony of 9000 voices recommended for the full suround (3500 pipes minimum).

Polyphony of 4000 simultaneous pipes recommended for use of the wet sample set (2500 minimum).

The virtual organ requires about 100 GB of the HDD space.

Requirements -  Medium variant

RAM consumption: 6-channel surround, default loading options, memory compression on.

• 16-bit:  28 GB

• 20-bit:  49 GB

RAM consumption: 6-channel surround, the front-direct ranks loaded with truncated releases (simulated dry, long decay 250ms). The front-diffuse and the rear ranks loaded with normal full releases. This is the recommended option for computers with 64 GB of RAM or less.

• 16-bit:  23 GB

• 20-bit:  39 GB (recommended)

Requirements -  Small variant

RAM consumption: 6-channel surround, default loading options, memory compression on.

• 16-bit:  15.8 GB

• 20-bit:  28.2 GB

Surround format

The sample set is offered in the Surround variant (6 channels). In addition to the usual 4-channel surround, there are two more alternative front channels. In total, there are 4 front audio channels and 2 rear channels. The two pairs of the front ranks feature two different recording positions: direct (near to the pipes) and diffuse (distant from the instrument). These two pairs of the front ranks can either be mixed together freely to achieve any listening position between the two extremes, or used separately - depending on the prefererences of the user. A dedicated "mixing desk" is available in Hauptwerk to mix the sound to the desired level.

 

Specification - Comparison of the editions

 

I. Hauptwerk C-a'''

free small medium full
1 Principal 16'     x x
2 Gross-Octava 8' x x x x
3 Viol di Gamba 8'   x x x
4 Hohl-Flöt 8' x x x x
5 Rohr-Flöt 8'     x x
6 Fiffaro 8'     x x
7 Rohr-Flöt-Qvint 6'     x x
8 Octava 4' x x x x
9 Spitz-Flöt 4'   x x x
10 Salicet 4'     x x
11 Qvinta 3'   x x x
12 Super-Octava 2'   x x x
13 Mixtur 4f 2'   x x x
14 Cymbel 3f 1 1/3'   x x x
15 Cornet V'     x x
16 Bombart 16'     x x
17 Trompet 8' x x x x
18 Clarin 4'     x x
     

II. Oberwerk C - a'''

free small medium full
1 Qvintadena 16'     x x
2 Principal 8'   x x x
3 Grob-Gedackt 8'   x x x
4 Qvintadena 8'   x x x
5 Onda maris 8'     x x
6 Octava 4'   x x x
7 Rohr-Flöt 4'   x x x
8 Zynk 2f 2 2/3'     x x
9 Sedecima 2'   x x x
10 Glöcklein-Thon 2'   x x x
11 Vigesima nona 1 1/2'     x x
12 Scharff Cymbel 3f 1'   x x x
13 Cornetti 3f III'     x x
14 Trompet 8'     x x
15 Krumb-Horn 8'   x x x
16 Schalmey 4'     x x
   
     

III. Schwellwerk C - a'''

free small medium full
1 Bordun 16'       x
2 Viola pomposa 16'       x
3 Diapason 8'       x
4 Doppel-Flöt 8'       x
5 Bordun 8'       x
6 Salicional 8'       x
7 Gamba 8'       x
8 Vox coelestis c° 8'       x
9 Principal 4'       x
10 Travers-Flöt 4'       x
11 Viola d'amore 4'       x
12 Spitz-Flöt 3'       x
13 Schweitzer-Pfeiff 2'       x
14 Violine 2'       x
15 Piccolo 1'       x
16 Mixtur 5f 2'       x
17 Harmonia aeth. 3f 2 2/3'       x
18 Bombarde 16'       x
19 Trompette harm. 8'       x
20 Hautbois 8'       x
21 Voix humaine 8'       x
22 Clarinette 8'       x
23 Clairon 4'       x
   
   

IV. Brustwerk C - a'''

free small medium full
1 Gedackt 8' x x x x
2 Praestant 4'     x x
3 Gedackte Fleut doux 4' x x x x
4 Nassat 3' x x x x
5 Octava 2'     x x
6 Gemss-Horn 2' x x x x
7 Qvint-Nassat 1 1/2'     x x
8 Tertia 1 1/2'   x x x
9 Super-Sedecima 1'     x x
10 Scharff-Mixtur 3f 1 1/3'     x x
11 Hobois 8'     x x
     
   

Pedal C-f' [-g' extended]

free small medium full
1 Gross Principal-Bass 32'     x x
2 Principal-Bass 16'   x x x
3 Contra-Bass 16'       x
4 Sub-Bass 16' x x x x
5 Gross-Qvinten-Bass 12'       x
6 Octav-Bass 8'   x x x
7 Gemss-Horn-Bass 8'       x
8 Jubal-Flöt 8'   x x x
9 Super-Octav-Bass 4'   x x x
10 Jubal-Flöt 4'     x x
11 Bauer-Flöt 2'       x
12 Mixtur 6 f 2 2/3'     x x
13 Contra-Posaunen 32'       x
14 Posaunen 16'     x x
15 Fagotti 16' x x x x
16 Trompeten-Bass 8'   x x x
17 Tromba 8'       x
18 Clarinen-Bass 4'     x x
19 Vox Angelica 2'     x x
   
  Total stops:   10 31 58 87
             
 

Toy stops: Cymbelstern,Tamburo,Nachtigall,Vogel-Gesang,Kuckuck are part of the full edition only!

Crescendo is available in the full edition only.

 
                   
 

Screenshots

 

Screenshots explained

Console view:

this is the general console view. It serves to define the keyboard MIDI inputs for all the divisions. The only active part of this view are the manuals and the pedal. The crescendo roller and the swell pedals can be set too. Specifying the MIDI inputs is done by right-clicking on the desired manual or pedal. All the other screen components are image-only.

Bellows+Noise view:

this is the view of the wind ways of the instrument, the base for the Hauptwerk wind model. In the upper part, there are 11 hand pumped wedge bellows, the red indicator shows how full/empty the bellow is, the gauge on the side shows the inner pressure inside the bellows. The switches above each bellow show the operation of the bellows. The upper one served to enable or disable the bellows completely (you can run only several bellows if you wish - attention, the organ can become short of air quickly). The lower two buttons show whether the bellows is inflating (left button) or deflating (right button).

The small "windows" under each set of bellows show how air is going from the bellows to the windchests of the organ. If it is closed, no air is going to windchests, if it is open, air is passing from the bellows to the windchests.

In the lower corner of this view, there are gauges to measure the pressure each of the virtual windchest. The button on the left side is the blower on/off switch.

Mixer view:

front - rear volume adjustment can be made here, for each   division separately. The mixer settings can be stored and retrieved later. The selection of the real or artificial tremulant happens   on this tab as well - see the switch in the right bottom corner.

 

 

 

Left+Right Jambs view:

for dual touch screens, split jambs were created. They allow for portrait or landscape orientation, according to the orientation of the touch screens.

Left + Right Jambs Vertical view:

the dual stop jambs offer vertical (portrait) orientation as an alternative.

 

 

Single Jamb:

for a single touch screen, this is the stop jamb to be used. All the stops of the organ can be found there. This view allows for landscape and wide landscape orientantion, according to the size of the touchscreen used. Please note, that the foot levers found on the original organ were not reproduced, since they only duplicate hand drawstops which are available. All features of the organ can be controlled by the drawstops, hence the foot levers were omitted. You may, however, attach your MIDI foot pistons to any drawstop to imitate the behavior of the original organ. The attaching of the physical piston to a button on screen is done by right-clicking on the button. You may attach more than one MIDI physical switch to any of the drawstops on the screen.

Note to the right click: The Single jamb, the Split Jambs and the Simple jamb, all allow for right-click to attach a specific MIDI hardware button to any of the software switch. This is done so that several different MIDI hardware buttons can operate one single software switch, so that the user can operate one stop or one and the same coupler with more than one hardware pistons.

Single Jamb - wide screen variant.

 

Simple Jamb:

simplified version of a single jamb to allow for more readable version of the stop names on small LCD touch screens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crescendo Programming

For each crescendo state (1-64), the state of any stop can be set in the three last screens of the ODF layout. Each coupler can be disengaged from the crescendo temporarily using the corresponding "Auslöser der Coppl. aus Crescendo" button.

 

 

Known bugs

Fiffaro does not give a celeste effect when other than Original Temperament is used. [If the Original Organ Tuning is used, the celeste effect is OK.] Workaroud: if using different temperament charts, shift the tuning of the rank by several cents using the pipe voicing native to Hauptwerk. Due to the multi-channel nature of the organ, use of other temperament charts is discouraged and the use of the Original Organ Tuning is encouraged.

047-B BW Nassat 3 rear, the long release has an audible artifact at the end of the release.

It would be useful to add few more memory slots to store several different mixer settings.

  1. Goerlitz Sonnenorgel Full Sample Set

    Goerlitz Surround Sample set. Full. 87 stops. 6-channel surround (front-direct, front-diffuse, rear). Encrypted!
    €799.00 Excl. Tax

    Detail & order

  2. Goerlitz Sonnenorgel Medium Sample Set

    Goerlitz Surround Sample set. Medium. 58 stops. 6-channel surround (front-direct, front-diffuse, rear). Encrypted!
    €540.00 Excl. Tax

    Detail & order

  3. Goerlitz Sonnenorgel Small Sample Set

    Goerlitz Surround Sample set. Small. 31 stops. 6-channel surround (front-direct, front-diffuse, rear). No encryption.
    €299.00 Excl. Tax

    Detail & order